March 7th, 2012

Психологическая система

Theory of Psychological Systems

ABSTRACT. The main definitions for term of psychological system in 5-Dimensional psychological space first have been suggested. The classification of 32 psychological types has been proposed. They differ one from another by combination of five from ten possible fundamental psychological features. The concept of psychological mass has been introduced as a measure of inertness of psychological system. Full psychological systems set was shown to include 128 psychological species in view of temperament differences of individuals. Main laws of existing and evolution of psychological system are formulated as well as their main consequences.

The object of science in psychological research – thought process of individuals is coinciding with subject of investigation which studies these activities. In this case the paradox in psychology science has still to be found. So, up to present the only classification is generally accepted which had been suggested by Greek doctor Hippocrates in IV century B.C. He singled out four principal temperaments: sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic temperaments which were based upon different emotional perception of environment by the man, theirs affectivity.

At the beginning of XX-th century Swiss psychologist Carl Gustav Jung founded the theory of psychological types (Jung, 1990). All other attempts (Myers, 1985, Myers, 1990, Bradway, 1964, Bradway, 1976, Bradway, 1978, Lawrence, 1986, Augistinavichute, 1998,  Filatova, 1999) of classification principles creation on the base Jung’s type theory has been doomed to failure (Pittenger, 1993, Quenk, 1999, Paul, 2004).

Narrowness of Jung’s theory is in lack of full set of fundamental functions suggested to describe the psychological types (Leonard Khalil, 2005). Also the laws of existence and evolution of psychological objects have not been formulated yet. Thus psychology is still mainly an empirical science describing the some of properties of objects without any reason of their origin or manifestation.

In this case the introduction of full set of main conceptions to describe the psychological objects as well as formulate the main laws of their evolution is important and actual problem of psychological science. An approach of Common Theory of systems has been used in this study after Swiss biologist Ludwig von Berthalanfi (Bertalanfi, 1969).

THE MAIN DEFINITIONS

The thought activities of individuals and their communities are an object of psychological studies: means of perception, information storage, processing, decision making, controlling with feedback. Obviously, that the objects of psychological research are not only the man brain activities, but other living things, as well as their simulators

Four pairs of psychological functions: rationality-irrationality (Judging - Perceiving, MBTI) (Myers, 1985, Myers, 1990), logic-ethics L-E (Thinking-Feeling), sensorics–intuition S-I, introversion–extraversion I-E to describe thought activities have been suggested by C. Jung which let’s call as fundamental features or the elements of psychological objects.

Unfortunately, all classifications into 16 types suggested after Jung (Myers, 1990, Bradway, 1978, Lawrence, 1986, Augistinavichute, 1998,  Filatova, 1999) proved to be incompleted (Leonard Khalil, 2005). In this basis psychologically diametrically opposed revolutionary Robespierre and scientist Leonardo da Vinci, litterateur A.P. Chekhov and dictator I.V. Stalin are of the same personality types. Meanwhile still at the beginning of the XX-th century Otto Weininger deduced (Weininger, 1982) that individuals are differed in some degree by “masculinity” or “femininity” (“Yang” or “Yin” in Chinese philosophy).

So, according to Freud’s classical psychological portrait (“Leonardo met himself in Mona Lisa”, Freud, 1999) Leonardo da Vinci belongs to “feminine” type, accepting the peace as it is. Judged of destinies of peoples and France, Robespierre belongs to ambitious of power “masculinity” type.

Thus, Masculinity (9) and Femininity (10 or 0) (M-F) added in L model are suggested as the fifth pair of fundamental features. The order of disposing of the first four pairs proposed by Jung are arranged in the following way: rationality (1) or irrationality (2),  logic (3) or ethics (4)  L-E, sensorics (5) or intuition (6) S-I, introversion (7) or extraversion  (8) I-E.

As Jung at once suggested idea “crystallographic system of axes” (Jung, 1990), for reliable description of space features we introduce a definition of 5-dimensional psychological space. To characterize psychological space orthogonal coordinate system XYZL has been applied by us to identify psychological individuals as shown on following visual model (Fig.1. Orientation of personality type in 5-dimensional psychological space of psychological functions XYZL - L model). X is the rational axis defining participation of reasonable activity of the individual including logical function L in conditionally positive direction and ethical function -E in opposite direction.  Irrational axis Y is presented by conditionally positive intuitive +I direction and conditionally negative sensory -S direction. Introversion/extraversion scale on Z axis has also two directions: extraversion E to be found in upper segment, and introversion -I in the lower segment. The forth coordinate characterizing vital force of an individual is to be defined by color, with red (positive) part of spectrum being feminine F, and the blue (negative) one being masculine -M. The fifth coordinate (chirality) is defined by the order of leading and following features disposed on X or Y axes.

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Психологическая система

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYSTEM: TYPES AND CLASSIFICATION

Introduction of notions of psychological functions to characterize an individual as well as psychological space allows us to formulate the definition of a psychological system as the object of psychological studies.

Psychological system of an individual is the relatively stable set of his psychological elements – features connected to each other, and oriented in psychological space in a certain way, possessed of distinctive characteristics for each individual while interacting between the latter and other individuals and environment, existed and developed according to definite laws of evolution.

The combination of five from ten possible elements for an individual defines a number N of types of psychological systems

N = 25 = 32.

In addition to Jung typology of personalities the vector of psychological orientation in ХYZL space is four-dimensional or colored, i.e. either belongs to “blue” (from image of “the Bluebeard”) – masculine (M), or “red” – feminine (F) principle (see examples of two dual pairs in Fig. 1).  In fact, by Weininger’s definition (Weininger, 1982) people as per their vital power (libido) comprises actually all spectrum of the rainbow approaching in a varying degree terminal blue and red colors.

 Sequence of dominant functions is sure to play an important role: logic-intuitive introvert of masculine type (LIIM, Robespierre – Systematic, Table 1: Table of Psychological systems — L model.) will differ from its dual pair of ethic-sensory extravert of feminine type (ESEF, Madonna – La Giaconda), although both of them are along the rational axis. It means that vector of orientation for personality type is not only colored but it has quite a certain direction of rotation clockwise (R) or counterclockwise (S), if watched from the origin of coordinates where initial non-oriented person is theoretically found. The fifth dimension – chirality has a fundamental mean as well i.e. incompatibility with its mirror image in the same space. Direction of rotation is set by sequence of principal functions, thus right R clockwise orientation in a chosen system of coordinates is typical to LIIM – Robespierre, and left S-configuration is characteristic for ESEF — La Giaconda (Fig.1).

Large absolute vector value characterizes degree of expressiveness or clear character of any personality as compared with other people. Generally, L vector characterizes main orientation only of personality type by dominant functions. More full description was stated to be tensor of personality in five- (or more) dimensional space considering individual peculiarity of a person as personal and collective conscious and unconscious (Jung, 1998)  as well as dynamics of its temporal progress t.

 Table 1 presents systematic names of personality types as description of functions, introversion/extraversion, and attribution to either masculine M or feminine F types. It also comprises lettering as abbreviations of four Roman letters, as well as the example of used earlier in literature (Augistinavichute, 1998,  Filatova, 1999),  and new trivial names (Leonard Khalil, 2005).  Every individual takes there own orientation of eigenvector in 5-Dimensional space of features near to orientation of definite typical vector of characteristic personality. Also the own eigenvector has its amplitude in according of own degree of developing in comparing with “ideal” type.

 For identification and self-identification of personality types by L model we propose the following dichotomous (dividing) express test based upon V. Meged – A. Ovcharov (Filatova, 1999) digital test (Table 2. Example of express test for determining personality type of psychological system: model L).  Five-unit digital codes (Table 1) are taken from ordinal numbers of answers chosen from test “L model” (digit “0” means answer “ten”). Certainly, the more valid results will be obtained by processing complete tests including 50 or 100 modified questions.

 Obviously, the development of psychological system has been proposed to run under the certain rules along with common laws of nature. To study them we have to insert one more conception – the measure of “inertness”.

THE MEASURE OF INERTNESS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SYSTEM AND EVOLUTION LAWS

Assume that common laws of system existing and evolution are quite reasonable for psychological systems. Then the First law of conservation of a psychological system is formulated as follows:

Psychological system remains its stability until it is affected by either external extreme conditions or internal incentive or destructive forces.

The law is true for isolated systems and is observed to a certain extent for open systems where forces of external action are far less intensive than interactions between elements inside the system. This law is also true for systems to be found in inertial psychological space where there are no social or natural disasters and no deep changes in psychological climate.

This law is to be called as law of inertia for psychological system of an individual and psychological space where it is collected is called as inertial frame of reference for psychological systems.  The speed of psychological system motion v will be defined by variation of their L vector at unit time t as a first derivative:

v = dL/dt

The speed v of system variation is a vector value, the orientation of which depends on change of L vector direction.

The measure of inertia is represented by M which let’s call as psychological mass. Then by definition phlegmatic (P) occupy the last quarter in conditional “psychological mass scale”. Due to large psychological mass phlegmatic is not practically reacted to hard blow to him and keeps the balance. Melancholic (M) at third quarter of mass scale is psychologically more sensitive and every strike worries them. More dynamic system has sanguine (S) and the most - choleric (C).  The latter has not only protective reactions but adequate timely decision and response.

 The measure of inertia M is a scalar value and has no direction as psychological functions - features.

A reciprocal value of psychological mass reflects an activity A of psychological system:

A = 1/M

The express test for inertness measure defining is suggested in Table 3 (Express test example for defining of measure of inertness of psychological system), as the choice of one answer from four alternate statements affected by hard psychological blow under the conditions of mental psychological experiment. Taking into account the differences in dynamic properties inherent to polar pairs of personalities “choleric- phlegmatic” and “sanguine-melancholic” as well as suggested earlier classification by five psychological features, the total number N of psychological system types aggregates:

N = 25*22= 27 = 128

The full qualifying description of individual types in model L (such as accepted in biology) is represented as follows: Melancholic ethico-sensoric extravert masculine type L. – MESEM, Enthusiast – Washington, who suggested the Constitution for ages.

We represent full Psychological Table with inertness characteristics in literal codes (C, S, M, P at the first position) and in digital code (1-4 at the sixth position) (See Table 4). Thus, the above described two methods of classification are completely mutually complementary. The first five features reflect fundamental psychological functions of individuals and the last, which introduced psychological mass, describes theirs dynamic characteristics or temperament.

 Introduction of psychological mass M allows to formulate the Second law of development of psychological system. It is expressed through force (effort) F directed for changing a characteristic of a system comparing with value of effect a made - the variation of speed v of system L.

 A value of the a effect made to a psychological system in relative units under certain conditions is in direct dependence to the effect F made, and in inverse dependence direct to a measure of inertness M of the psychological system:

a = dv/dt = d2L/dt2 = k(Li)*F/M.

The value of caused effect a is vector function: it is positive in progress development of system and negative in case of regress. Obviously, this law is also just in inertial system of psychological frame of reference. Coefficient k depends on individual characteristics of personality Li, and is defined by both the type of a system being developed (perceptibility) and the type of developing system (e.g. learning system) or environment.

 Nearby in some distance which is called as a distance of psychological comfort within certain period of time the repulsive forces act to be overcome by strong interactions (love, violence, etc.).

 The Third law of interaction of psychological systems deals with forces appearing in inertial psychological space under coming into collision of two or more systems, and it is formulated as follows:

Efforts with which psychological systems interact each other in collisions are equal and direct to opposite side

F1,2 = – F2,1.

In election campaign or intruding advertising direct electioneering very often results in directly opposite effects.

 The law of attraction of psychological systems describes character of interaction between systems at some distance (weak interactions):

F1,2 = f(L1, L 2) * M1M2/r2

Interacting forces are in direct dependence to measure of inertia of systems and in inverse dependence to a squared distance between systems and depend on their types defined by matrix of intertype interactions f(L1, L 2).

 Thus, psychologically strong “biggest” people have greater attractive forces.  Dependence of affection to somebody from distance expressed by proverb: “Out of sight – out of mind”.

 At last so called “energetic” of personality E also to be described by following way:

E = e(Li)*Mv2

The energy of psychological system is in direct dependence of measure of theirs inertness M, squared speed of psychological eigenvector movement of system L and depends on energetic characteristics of system described by coefficients e(Li). Stopped in developing personality, going with the tide or person in coma apparently has a minimal energetic power.

 Below listed some important consequences are quite obvious from described laws.

Consequence 1. Each individual belongs to only one personality type irrespective of his/her biological sex. Evolving in his/her direction he/she can reach maximum success.

Consequence 2. Social system needs each individual who has proved oneself.

Consequence 3. Each individual keeps his/her psychological orientation until force majeure (discrepancy between personality type and social position taken) leads to inversion of personality type.

Consequence 4. Inverted personality types are unstable psychologically.

Consequence 5. Each individual corresponds to his/her dual couple positioning on the same rational or irrational axis and, who, in his/her turn, is differed by full opposition under 2-5 functions and opposite inertness (H-F, S-M). Dual couple is the most stable psychological system.

Consequence 6. Each individual interrelates individually in full accordance with psychological orientation of other individuals (the so-called inter-type relations of identity, duality, addition, conflict, customer, etc.).

Consequence 7. The psychologically stable active developing individual has a maximum psychological energy.

Proposed laws and conclusions can be surely applied in prediction of behavior of a certain psychological system in this or that situation under any impacts.

In general, psychological system of an individual, including human being, is in full compliance with main laws of nature and within framework of the general system theory. Like every open system it evolves in full conformity with the laws of synergetic obtaining principally new properties while interacting with other systems. At the end of life evolution of a system is described according to the laws of catastrophe theory. Under certain conditions connected with living aspects psychological system may be inverted along one or several axes. However, inverted system will always be excited, and return of previous existence conditions will promote the return of initial condition subject to system reversibility.

Thus, the classification and methods of identification of psychological system have been suggested as well as the main laws of their existing and evolution in inertial psychological frame of references at normal external conditions and in absence of diseases. At the same time, apparently, the laws of psychological system evolution in extreme situations have a very high profile and actual as well the study of genetic laws of psychological features transmission

Психологическая система

References "Theory of Psychological Systems"

Augistinavichute, A. (1998). Socionics. Introduction (In Russian), S.-Petersburg, Terra Fantastika.

Bradway, K. (1964). Jung ' s psychological types: Classification by test versus classification by self. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 9, 129-135.

Bradway, K. & Detloff, W.K. (1976). Incidence of psychological types among Jungian analysts classified by self and by test. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 21, 134-146.

Bradway, K. & Wheelwright, J.B. (1978). The psychological type of the analyst and it relation to analytical practice. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 23, 211-225.

Bertalanfi L. fon (1969). Common Theory of System (in book: System Investigations, In Russian), Moscow: Nauka.

Filatova, Ye.S. (1999). Socionics for everyone  (In Russian), S.-Petersburg.

Freud, S. (1999). Psychological studies, (Translated into Russian), Minsk, Popurri,.

Jung, C.G. (1990). Psychological Types. Princeton University Press.

Jung, C.G. (1998). The Psychology of the Unconscious, (Translated into Russian from German), Moscow, AST-LTD Publishers - Kanon.

Lawrence, G. (1986). Issues in the Development of the MBTI, in JPT, Vol.12.

Leonard Khalil (2005). Psychological systems. Classification and Main Laws, (In Russian), Ufa: Monography.

Myers, I. and McCaulley, M.H. (1985). MBTI® Manual, Palo Alto, Consulting Psychologists Press.

Myers, I.B., Myers, P.B. (1990). Gifts Differing, 10th Anniversary Edition, Palo Alto, Consulting Psychologists Press.

Paul, A.M. (2004). The Cult of Personality: How Personality Tests Are Leading Us to Miseducate Our Children, Mismanage Our Companies, and Misunderstand Ourselves. Free Press.

Pittenger, D.J. (1993). Measuring the MBTI and Coming Up Short. Journal of Career Planning & Placement. Fall.

Quenk, N.L. (1999). Essentials of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Assessment. John Wiley & Sons.

Weininger, O. (1982). Sex and character (Translated into Russian), Moscow, Terra-Terra.

Психологическая система

Test 2 “Your Personality Type”

Table 2

“Your Personality Type”

If you wish to know your personality type, make use of the dividing test: L model.

You need to choose from each pair of questions or statements (in framework) the most suitable answer: “or/or” in some situations typical for you and “in life” in general. Please display or underline your main credo in life from pp.3-6.

Answer format: Name, first and middle name, date of birth (dd.mm.yy) 01.01.71, sex: M or F, 13689

My favorite hero (popular figure or his/her character role): ____________________________________

My hobby: ___________________________________

My address: __________________________________

E-mail: ______________________________________ (for interactive assignments)

No

Psychological function – feature

Situation model for elucidation of  personality affiliation to definite psychological feature

1

           

             Rational

In a sudden situation You take a decision after thinking it over for a while and finding its logic and consistency based upon your arguments and your ethic incentives and imaginations.

2

           

            Irrational

Appeared situation is not a surprise to You. Your reaction is actually prompt based upon your own experience of life or your intuition.

3

           

             Logical

In your decision you follow your convincing arguments and logical evidence even if you or other people do not like it.

4

           

            Ethical

Purpose of your life is in contacts with other people. You are deeply aware of moral rules of conduct and ethic rules of life. “Happiness is when you are understood”. `

5

           

            Sensory

Your credo is, “Better touch (try) once, then hear a hundred times”. Certain deeds are more important to you than considerations. 

6

           

             Intuitive

Ideas, especially your ideas are of “life force” to you. “A world of thoughts or art is more important than a world of things”.

7

            Introvert

You prefer to work individually.

8

           

            Extrovert

You work better in a group, “Two heads are better than one”. 

9

            Masculine

I am ready to solve your fate or fates of people”.

0

            Feminine

I am ready to agree to your decision”.


Test 1

If you wish to know your personality type, make use of the dividing test: L model.

You need to choose from each pair of questions or statements (in framework) the most suitable answer: “or/or” in some situations typical for you and “in life” in general. Please display or underline your main credo in life from pp.3-6.

Answer format: Name, first and middle name, date of birth (dd.mm.yy) 01.01.71, sex: M or F, 13689

My favorite hero (popular figure or his/her character role): ____________________________________

My hobby: ___________________________________

My address: __________________________________

E-mail: ______________________________________ (for interactive assignments)

Table 1

No

Psychological function – feature

Situation model for elucidation of  personality affiliation to definite psychological feature

1

           

             Rational

In a sudden situation You take a decision after thinking it over for a while and finding its logic and consistency based upon your arguments and your ethic incentives and imaginations.

2

           

            Irrational

Appeared situation is not a surprise to You. Your reaction is actually prompt based upon your own experience of life or your intuition.

3

           

             Logical

In your decision you follow your convincing arguments and logical evidence even if you or other people do not like it.

4

           

            Ethical

Purpose of your life is in contacts with other people. You are deeply aware of moral rules of conduct and ethic rules of life. “Happiness is when you are understood”. `

5

           

            Sensory

Your credo is, “Better touch (try) once, then hear a hundred times”. Certain deeds are more important to you than considerations. 

6

           

             Intuitive

Ideas, especially your ideas are of “life force” to you. “A world of thoughts or art is more important than a world of things”.

7

            Introvert

You prefer to work individually.

8

           

            Extrovert

You work better in a group, “Two heads are better than one”. 

9

            Masculine

I am ready to solve your fate or fates of people”.

0

            Feminine

I am ready to agree to your decision”.

Психологическая система

Test 3 “Your Dynamic Characteristics – Psychological Mass”

Table 3.

“Your Dynamic Characteristics – Psychological Mass”

Your typical reaction to hard psychological blow to you

Type of temperament

Letter code

Numeral

Code

“You are early guess of it and foreseen of you. You count the strike”

Choleric

C

1

“The life is changeable – it has white and black stripes”

Sanguine

S

2

Every strike is hard worried. You are couldn’t out from happened situation yourself”

Melancholic

М

3

You keep the strike. What is fate – it is  happened”

Phlegmatic

P

4

Психологическая система

Table 1. Table of Psychological System – Model L. (Part 1)

No

Name of psychological system

Letter code

Digital code

Trivial name

1

Logic-sensory introvert M

LSIM

13579

InspectorCaligulaа)

2

Logic-sensory introvert F

LSIF

13570

InventorEdison

3

Logic-sensory extrovert M

LSEM

13589

Intelligence officer — Schtirlits b)

4

Logic-sensory extrovert F

LSEF

13580

Administrator Sofia (L)

5

Logic-intuitive introvert M

LIIM

13679

SystematicRobespierre b)

6

Logic-intuitive introvert F

LIIF

13670

ScientistLeonardo

7

Logic-intuitive extrovert M

LIEM

13689

EntrepreneurJack b)

8

Logic-intuitive extrovert F

LIEF

13680

ResearcherNewton

9

Ethic-sensory introvert M

ESIM

14579

FighterKatanni

10

Ethic-sensory introvert F

ESIF

14570

WriterTurgenev c)

11

Ethic-sensory extrovert M

ESEM

14589

EnthusiastWashington

12

Ethic-sensory extrovert F

ESEF

14580

MadonnaLa Gioconda d)

13

Ethic-intuitive introvert M

EIIM

14679

SeekerRaskolnikov

14

Ethic-intuitive introvert F

EIIF

14670

HumanistDostoevsky b)

15

Ethic-intuitive extrovert M

EIEM

14689

PrinceHamlet b)

16

Ethic-intuitive extrovert F

EIEF

14680

ArtistChaplin

Психологическая система

Table 1. Table of Psychological System – Model L. (Part 2)

17

Sensory-logical introvert M

SLIM

23579

MaterialistSpinoza

18

Sensory-logical introvert F

SLIF

23570

MasterMendel e)

19

Sensory-logical extrovert M

SLEM

23589

HeadZhukov б)

20

Sensory-logical extrovert F

SLEF

23580

Master of organization Thatcher

21

Intuitive-logical introvert M

ILIM

23679

Criticde Gaulle

22

Intuitive-logical introvert F

ILIF

23670

ThinkerBalzac b)

23

Intuitive-logical extrovert M

ILEM

23689

Idealist — Don Quixote b)

24

Intuitive-logical extrovert F

ILEF

23680

DiscovererEinstein

25

Sensory-ethic introvert М

SEIM

24579

AestheteHemingway

26

Sensory-ethic introvert F

SEIF

24570

CreatorRembrandt f)

27

Sensory-ethic extrovert М

SEEM

24589

LeaderNapoleon b)

28

Sensory-ethic extrovert F

SEEF

24580

QueenEkatherina

29

Intuitive-ethic introvert M

IEIM

24679

Futurist Rousseau

30

Intuitive-ethic introvert F

IEIF

24670

Lyric poetEsenin b)

31

Intuitive-ethic extrovert M

IEEM

24689

InitiatorRoosevelt

32

Intuitive-ethic extrovert F

IEEF

24680

IntermediaryMark g)

а) Previously known as Maxim3,4 ; b) Previously used names; c) Previously — Dreiser; d) Previously — Hugo; e) Previously — Gabin; f) Previously — Dumas; g) Previously— Huxley.
@Leonard d'Urals

Психологическая система

Мой подарок женщинам на 8-ое Марта

В литературе имеются весьма подробные описания шестнадцати типов личности, которые получили свои тривиальные названия по известным литературным героям (Наполеон, Дон Кихот и др.), либо по их основным качествам (Критик, Организатор и др.), аналогично типологии американских психологов (см. например, Табл.).

Вместе с тем, следует однозначно признать, что подобная классификация является далеко неполной и противоречивой, так как к одному и тому же типу личности попадают, например, психологически полярно отличающиеся чекист Ф.Э.Дзержинский и писатель А.П.Чехов, ученый Леонардо да Винчи и революционер Робеспьер, диктатор И.В.Сталин и артист К.Райкин (сын А.Райкина).

Безусловно, имеется много различных признаков, по которым можно проводить дальнейшее разделение типов личности. Однако, наиболее значительные отличия в психологическом устройстве индивида выражаются в его принадлежности к мужскому (по китайской философии – янь) или к женскому (инь) началу.

Фундаментальная психологическая характеристика мужского и женского типа личности сформулирована еще в начале ХХ века Отто Вейнингером: «Мы можем принять идеального мужчину М и идеальную женщину Ж, как типичные половые формы, которые не существуют. Существуют бесчисленные переходные степени между мужчиной и женщиной, так называемые промежуточные половые формы» (Вейнингер О. Пол и характер. Москва: Терра-Terra, 1992, 480С.).

Учитывая данное обстоятельство, легко можно установить различие между Леонардо да Винчи, принадлежащим по классическому психологическому портрету, данному Фрейдом, к «женскому» типу («В Моне Лизе Леонардо встретил самого себя»  [Фрейд З. Психологические этюды. Минск: Попурри, 1999. с.403.]), и Робеспьером, – родоначальником логико-интуитивных интровертов (ЛИИ), «Аналитиком», выстроившим «совершенную демократическую» систему, основным инструментом которой служила гильотина, с помощью которой отрубали головы несогласным (в том числе и самому родоначальнику системы) с «мужским», властным организующим началом.

Итак, в описание психологической системы можно ввести понятие элементов жизненной силы психологической системы: мужественность при решении своей судьбы и своих окружающих или женственность с готовностью принять решения своего ближайшего окружения.

В переводе на русский язык сие означает, что с сегодняшнего дня мужчинам пришло полное понимание того, что биологические мужчины и женщины уравнены в своих потенциальных способностях.

Женщины или женственны, или мужественны, точно также как и мужчины.

Психологическая система

Мои твиты

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